Profile of Dr. Rayappan Pavul Raj

Professional Brief


Academic Profile

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) (Awarded by Bharathidasan University, Trichy, Tamilnadu, India)
Electroplating and Metal Finishing Technology Division
CSIR – Central Electrochemical Research Institute Karaikudi, Tamilnadu, India
Studies on Electrodeposition of Metal/Metal Oxides for Capacitor Application

Master Degree (M.Sc.) (Awarded by Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, Tamilnadu, India)
The American College, Madurai
Synthesis of stable amadori – chromium complexes by condensation of D-Glucose on Methionine and Cysteine

Bachelor Degree (B.Sc.) (Awarded by Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, Tamilnadu, India)
AyyaNadar Janaki Ammal College, Sivakasi
Removal of Eosin Blue Dye using activated charcoal by adsorption method

Professional Experience

Senior Project Officer, Clean Energy Lab, Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai
Synthesis of nano-confined sulfur using micro, mesoporous materials for quasi solid-state lithium-sulfur batteries
Institute Post-Doctoral Fellow, National Centre for Catalysis Research, Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai
Utilization of ordered mesoporous carbon/titania composites for Li-ion battery and Electro-catalysis
Junior Research Fellow, Electroplating and Metal Finishing Technology Division, CSIR – Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi
Ionic liquids as solvent for electrodeposition of Nickel, Chromium, Zinc and Aluminium
Junior Research Fellow, Electrochemical Power Sources Division, CSIR – Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi
Development on conducting polymer based rechargeable battery for consumable applications


CSIR-LS | Chemical Science (103657; 12/12/2008, 114341; 21/06/2009, & 122116; 19/12/2010)

UGC-NET | Chemical Sciences (122116) dated 19th December 2010

GATE | Chemistry (cy7148621, & cy7380218) dated 15th March 2011 & 2009 respectively


“Novel ordered mesoporous LiFePO4/N-doped Carbon (LIP/MNC-31) composite as superior cathode material for high performance Li-ion batteries”
P. Selvam, S. Khan, R. Pavul Raj, T. V. Ramamohan and S. Bhuvaneswari
Indian Patent 201841034920.(Patent No.529192)
“Method for surfactant-assisted hydrothermal synthesis of nano-sized LiFePO4/carbon composite ”
P. Selvam, S. Khan, R. Pavul Raj
Indian Patent 201841047364. (Patent No.399209)


“Ytterbium-nitrogen co-doped ordered mesoporous TiO2: The innovative hetero-phase photocatalyst for harnessing solar energy in green hydrogen production”
Gupta S, Kwak Y,Pavul Raj R, , and Selvam P.
J Mater Chem A 2024;12:6906-6927. Doi:10.1039/d3ta07458g. Cover-Page Article
“Amperometric determination of hydrazine using Au nanoparticle incorporated CMK-3 modified glassy carbon electrode”
Rajaram R, Sachin K, Sudharsan S, Pavul Raj R,Kothandaraman R, Lakshman N.
J ElectrochemSoc 2023;170:087511. doi:10.1149/1945-7111/aced70.
“Confined sulfur electrode to achieve quasi-solid state sulfur conversion reaction in Li-S battery”
Pavul Raj R, Mohana Priya B, Raja M, Divyamahalakshmi M, Kothandaraman R.
J Energy Storage 2023;67:107601. doi:10.1016/j.est.2023.107601.
“Dual-role magnesium alluminate ceramic film as an advanced separator and polysulfide trapper in a Li-S battery: experimental and DFT investigations”
Divyamahalakshmi M, Raja M, Pavul Raj R,Ganapathi Rao K, Kothandaraman R.
New J Chem 2022;46:3185-3198.doi:10.1039/d1nj05347g.
“Periodic mesoporous titania with anatase and bronze phases- the new generation photocatalyst: synthesis, characterization, and application in environmental remediation”
Vatti SK, Gupta S, Pavul Raj R, Selvam P.
New J Chem 2020;44:16269-16284. doi:10.1039/d0nj02457k. Cover-Page Article
“Electrochemical performance of nano-sized LiFePO4-embedded 3D-cubic ordered mesoporous carbon and nitrogenous carbon composites”
Khan S, Pavul Raj R, Mohan TVR, Selvam P.
RSC Adv 2020;10:30406-30414. doi:10.1039/d0ra04754f.
“Surfactant-mediated and morphology-controlled nanostructured LiFePO4/Carbon composite as a promising cathode material for Li-ion batteries”
Khan S, Pavul Raj R, George L, Kannangara GSK, Milev A, Varadaraju U V, Selvam P.
Chemopen 2020;9,23-31. doi:10.1002/open.201900175. Cover-Page Article
“Electrochemical performance of nano-LiFePO4 embedded ordered mesoporous nitrogenous carbon composite as cathode material for Li-ion battery applications”
Khan S, Pavul Raj R, Mohan TVR, Bhuvaneswari S, Varadaraju U V., Selvam P.
J Electroanal Chem 2019;848:113242. doi:10.1016/j.jelechem.2019.113242.
“Pulse electrodeposited RuO2 electrodes for high-performance supercapacitor applications”
Arunachalam R, Prataap RKV, Pavul Raj R, Mohan S, Vijayakumar J, Péter L, et al.
Surf Eng 2018:1–7. doi:10.1080/02670844.2018.1426408.
“Benign synthesis of robust nickel thin films as stretchable electrodes for electrochemical hydrogen evolution reaction”
Pavul Raj R, Kumaraguru S, Mohan S.
Int J Hydrogen Energy 2018;43:7397–7404. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.03.029.
“Effect of electrodeposition modes on ruthenium oxide electrodes for supercapacitors”
Prataap RKV, Arunachalam R, Pavul Raj R, Mohan S, Peter L.
Curr Appl Phys 2018;18:1143–8. doi:10.1016/j.cap.2018.06.015.

“Influence of cobalt, nickel and copper-based metal-organic frameworks on the corrosion protection of mild steel”
Kumaraguru S, Pavulraj R, Mohan S.
Trans IMF 2017;95:131–6. doi:10.1080/00202967.2017.1283898.

“Electrodeposition of cobalt/silver multilayers from deep eutectic solvent and their giant magnetoresistance”
Kumaraguru S, Pavul Raj R, Vijayakumar J, Mohan S.
J Alloys Compd 2017;693:1143–9. doi:10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.10.027.

“Controlled reverse pulse electrosynthesized spike-piece-structured Ni/Ni(OH)2 interlayer nanoplates for electrochemical pseudocapacitor applications”
Pavul Raj R, Mohan S, Jha SK.
Chem Commun 2016;52:1930–3. doi:10.1039/C5CC08499G.

“Remarkable capacitive behavior of a Co3O4 –polyindole composite as electrode material for supercapacitor applications”
Pavul Raj R, Ragupathy P, Mohan S.
J Mater Chem A 2015;3:24338–48. doi:10.1039/C5TA07046E.

“Development of nano-spherical RuO2 active material on AISI 317 steel substrate via pulse electrodeposition for supercapacitors”
Arunachalam R, Gnanamuthu RM, Al Ahmad M, Mohan S, Pavul Raj R, Maharaja J, et al.
JSurf Coatings Technol 2015;276:336–40. doi:10.1016/j.surfcoat.2015.06.054.

“Synthesis of 3D porous CeO2/reduced graphene oxide xerogel composite and low level detection of H2O2”
Jha SK, Kumar CN, Pavul Raj R, Jha NS, Mohan S.
Electrochim Acta 2014;120:308–13. doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2013.12.051.

“Choline chloride – Ethylene glycol mixture as electrolyte for nano crystalline Nickel electrodeposits”
Pavul Raj R, Maharaja J, Mohan S.
J Electrochem Plat Technol 2013:1–11. doi:10.12850/ISSN2196-0267.JEPT1972.


Fabrication of nickel thin films as stretchable electrodes for electrochemical HER

Pavul Raj R,Kumaraguru S, Mohan S
Natl. Conf. Funct. Mater. its Appl., VELS, Chennai: 2018.

LiFePO4/nitrogen-containing ordered mesoporous carbon composite as electrode material for Li-ion battery applications

Pavul Raj R, Khan S, Selvam P.
3rd Asia-Pacific Conf. Energy Storage Convers. (APEnergy 2018), Singapore: 2018, p. 73.

Electrochemical performance of novel mesoporous LiFePO4/CMK-8 composite in aqueous electrolyte

Pavul Raj R, Khan S, Selvam P.
Internatinal Conf. Adv. Catal. Energy Environ., Mumbai: 2018, p. 10.

Hydrothermally Synthesized LFP/C Composites: Cathode Materials for Li-ion Battery Applications

Khan S, Pavul Raj R,Selvam P.
Chem. In-House Symp., Chennai: 2018, p. 47.

Surfactant-assisted Synthesis of LFP/C Composite: A Cathode Material for Li-ion Battery Application

Khan S,Pavul Raj R ,Selvam P.
4th Int. Conf. Adv. Energy Mater. (AEM 2018), Guildford: 2018, p. 227.

Effect of oxidizing agents on the synthesis of conducting polyaniline

Pavul Raj R, Paramasivam M.
10th Int. Symp. Electrochem. Sci. Technol., Chennai: 2013, p. PP.56.

Comparative study of nickel ion interface in deep eutectic solvent from Watt bath

Pavul Raj R, Mohan S.
10th Int. Symp. Electrochem. Sci. Technol., Chennai: 2013, p. OP.50.

Choline chloride-Ethylene glycol mixture as electrolyte for nano crystalline nickel electrodeposits

Pavul Raj R, Mohan S.
Electrochem. Tech. Nano-scale Surf. Eng., Mumbai: 2012.

Country Visited

  • MTA TTK Étterem, Budapest, Hungary
    Purpose – Demonstration of PEM Fuel cell

Area of Expertise

  • Binder free thin film coating for capacitor applications
  • Preparation of high surface battery materials for high C rate using ordered mesoporous materials
  • Electrocatalysis, electrochemical sensors and corrosion preventive coating

Extra-Curricular Activities

Core Volunteer

International Conference on Energy Conversion and Storage (IECS-2023) conducted by Clean Energy Lab, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai (Jan. 18-20, 2023)

Participated in GIAN courses

2019 – Self-assembled Nanoporous and Hybrid Silica Materials: Applications in Catalysis, Nanomedicine and Optics (Dr. Michel Wong Chi Man& Prof. P. Selvam)

2018 –Nanoporous Materials in Catalysis – Fundamentals and Applications (Prof. Mike Anderson & Prof. P. Selvam)Best poster award for β-Zeolite


Praveen Poorvardh in DBHP Sabha, Chennai at February 2007